standards > terminology artifact > DOI:10.25504/FAIRsharing.amcv1e


ready Human Genome Organization Gene Symbols

Abbreviation: HUGO


General Information
The HGNC approves both a short-form abbreviation known as a gene symbol, and also a longer and more descriptive name. Each symbol is unique and the committee ensures that each gene is only given one approved gene symbol. This allows for clear and unambiguous reference to genes in scientific communications, and facilitates electronic data retrieval from databases and publications.

Homepage http://www.genenames.org/

Developed in United Kingdom

Created in 1989

Taxonomic range







How to cite this record FAIRsharing.org: HUGO; Human Genome Organization Gene Symbols; DOI: https://doi.org/10.25504/FAIRsharing.amcv1e; Last edited: Feb. 22, 2018, 2:39 p.m.; Last accessed: Oct 17 2018 9:35 p.m.


Record updated: Nov. 2, 2016, 11:53 a.m. by The FAIRsharing Team.

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Schemas

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Publications

HUGO news. The Human Genome Organisation: history, purposes, and membership.

McKusick VA
Genomics 1989

View Paper (PubMed)

The Human Genome Organisation (HUGO).

Liu ET
Hugo J 2010

View Paper (PubMed) View Publication

The Human Genome Organisation: towards next-generation ethics.

Knoppers BM,Thorogood A,Chadwick R
Genome Med 2013

View Paper (PubMed) View Publication

HUGO Ontology Display

View in BioPortal.


Disclaimer: This widget assumes the availability of the ontology resources in the NCBO BioPortal.


Related Standards

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Implementing Databases (7)
Orphanet
Orphanet is the reference resource for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs for all publics. Its aim is to contribute to the improvement of the diagnosis, care and treatment of patients with rare diseases. Orphanet maintains the Orphanet nomenclature, essential for interoperability, and the Orphanet Rare Disease Ontology (ORDO).

European Variation Archive
The European Variation Archive is an open-access archive that accepts submission of, and provides access to, all types of genetic variation data from all species. All users are able to download any dataset, or query our study catalogue via our variation table. Access to EVA data is also provided by RESTful web services for a variety of applications, such as annotation pipelines.

ClinVar
ClinVar is a freely accessible, public archive of reports of the relationships among human variations and phenotypes, with supporting evidence. ClinVar thus facilitates access to and communication about the relationships asserted between human variation and observed health status, and the history of that interpretation. ClinVar processes submissions reporting variants found in patient samples, assertions made regarding their clinical significance, information about the submitter, and other supporting data. The alleles described in submissions are mapped to reference sequences, and reported according to the HGVS standard. ClinVar then presents the data for interactive users as well as those wishing to use ClinVar in daily workflows and other local applications. ClinVar works in collaboration with interested organizations to meet the needs of the medical genetics community as efficiently and effectively as possible.

ENCODE Project
The ENCODE (Encyclopedia of DNA Elements) Consortium is an international collaboration of research groups funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI). The goal of ENCODE is to build a comprehensive parts list of functional elements in the human genome, including elements that act at the protein and RNA levels, and regulatory elements that control cells and circumstances in which a gene is active. ENCODE results from 2007 and later are available from this project. This covers data generated during the two production phases 2007-2012 and 2013-present.

Clinical Knowledgebase
The Jackson Laboratory Clinical Knowledgebase (CKB) is a semi-automated/manually curated database of gene/variant annotations, therapy knowledge, diagnostic/prognostic information, and clinical trials related to oncology. CKB not only contains current information on the protein effect of somatic gene variants, but also connects the variant to targeted therapies through an efficacy evidence annotation. In addition, CKB captures clinical trial patient eligibility criteria that include genomic alterations (genotype-specific). The public access version of CKB encompasses 82 commonly known driver genes. Users can search CKB via gene, gene variants, drug, drug class, indication, and clinical trials. The web-based version of CKB is designed to interrogate the knowledgebase for specific data attributes while also enabling a robust browse like feature when the desired content is unknown.

Target Central Resource Database
TCRD is the central resource behind the Illuminating the Druggable Genome Knowledge Management Center (IDG-KMC). TCRD contains information about human targets, with special emphasis on four families of targets that are central to the NIH IDG initiative: GPCRs, kinases, ion channels and nuclear receptors. Olfactory GPCRs (oGPCRs) are treated as a separate family. A key aim of the KMC is to classify the development/druggability level of targets. The official public portal for TCRD is Pharos (pharos.nih.gov). Based on modern web design principles the Pharos interface provides facile access to all data types collected by the KMC. Given the complexity of the data surrounding any target, efficient and intuitive visualization has been a high priority, to enable users to quickly navigate & summarize search results and rapidly identify patterns. A critical feature of the interface is the ability to perform flexible search and subsequent drill down of search results. Underlying the interface is a RESTful API that provides programmatic access to all KMC data, allowing for easy consumption in user applications.

MitoProteome
MitoProteome is a mitochondrial protein sequence database and annotation system. The initial release contains 847 human mitochondrial protein sequences, derived from public sequence databases and mass spectrometric analysis of highly purified human heart mitochondria.

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