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ready Digital Imaging and COmmunications in Medicine

Abbreviation: DICOM

General Information
DICOM — Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine — is the international standard for medical images and related information (ISO 12052). It defines the formats for medical images that can be exchanged with the data and quality necessary for clinical use. DICOM is implemented in almost every radiology, cardiology imaging, and radiotherapy device (X-ray, CT, MRI, ultrasound, etc.), and increasingly in devices in other medical domains such as ophthalmology and dentistry. With tens of thousands of imaging devices in use, DICOM is one of the most widely deployed healthcare messaging standards in the world. There are literally billions of DICOM images currently in use for clinical care. Since its first publication in 1993, DICOM has revolutionized the practice of radiology, allowing the replacement of X-ray film with a fully digital workflow. Much as the Internet has become the platform for new consumer information applications, DICOM has enabled advanced medical imaging applications that have “changed the face of clinical medicine”. From the emergency department, to cardiac stress testing, to breast cancer detection, DICOM is the standard that makes medical imaging work — for doctors and for patients.


Countries that developed this resource United States

Created in 1993

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How to cite this record DICOM; Digital Imaging and COmmunications in Medicine; DOI:; Last edited: Jan. 8, 2019, 1:40 p.m.; Last accessed: Jan 18 2022 1:02 a.m.

This record is maintained by dclunie  ORCID

Record updated: June 21, 2017, 2:01 p.m. by The FAIRsharing Team.

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Multi-series DICOM: an extension of DICOM that stores a whole study in a single object.

Ismail M,Philbin J
J Digit Imaging 2013

View Paper (PubMed) View Publication

DICOM demystified: a review of digital file formats and their use in radiological practice.

Graham RN,Perriss RW,Scarsbrook AF
Clin Radiol 2005

View Paper (PubMed) View Publication

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