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ready NeuroNames

Abbreviation: NN

General Information
The NeuroNames ontology is designed to accommodate all of the English and Latin names (words and multiword terms) used by neuroscientists to reference all neuroanatomic concepts (word definitions and images) in the neuroscience literature of the last 50 years. Every name is classified as either a standard name or a synonym for the concept it represents. Some synonyms (multiple names for the same structure) are also homonyms (same name for different structures). Later the names for approximately 1000 structures encountered in neuroanatomic textbooks of six other languages were incorporated: French, German, Italian, Indonesian, Russian, and Spanish. Since 1992, the entire NeuroNames name set has been a regularly updated Source Vocabulary for the National Library of Medicine’s Unified Medical Language System under the abbreviation NN-. PubMed uses the synonym lists of NeuroNames to retrieve abstracts of articles in which authors have used different names for a structure than the search term submitted by the user.


Countries that developed this resource United States

Created in 1990

Knowledge Domains 


How to cite this record NN; NeuroNames; DOI:; Last edited: July 31, 2020, 2:05 p.m.; Last accessed: Jan 18 2022 7:48 a.m.

Publication for citation  NeuroNames: an ontology for the BrainInfo portal to neuroscience on the web. Bowden DM, Song E, Kosheleva J, Dubach MF; Neuroinformatics ; 2011; 10.1007/s12021-011-9128-8;

This record is maintained by DouglasBowden

Record added: Dec. 18, 2019, 11:14 a.m.
Record updated: July 13, 2020, 10:48 p.m. by DouglasBowden.

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Additional Information


    No tools defined


No XSD schemas defined

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Conditions of Use

Applies to: Data use

Data Release

Data Access

REST Web Services


NeuroNames: an ontology for the BrainInfo portal to neuroscience on the web.

Bowden DM, Song E, Kosheleva J, Dubach MF
Neuroinformatics 2011

View Paper (PubMed) View Publication

Informatics for Interoperability of Molecular-Genetic and Neurobehavioral Databases

Bowden D.M., Dubach M.F., Dong E.
Chapter 2: Molecular-Genetic and Statistical Techniques for Behavioral and Neural Research (ed Gerlai, RT) 2018

Link to Publication

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Related Databases (1)
PubMed is a search engine of biomedical literature, provided as a service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine and includes more than 25 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

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Grant Number(s)

  • LM/OD-06243 (National Library of Medicine (NLM), Bethesda, MD, USA)

  • MHO69259 (Human Brain Project)

  • RR-00166 (National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA)