standards > model/format > DOI:10.25504/FAIRsharing.nggj0j
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ready Joint Photographic Experts Group Format

Abbreviation: JPEG Format

General Information
Joint Photographic Experts Group Format is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography. JPEG JFIF, which is what people generally mean when they refer to "JPEG", is a file format created by the Independent JPEG Group (IJG) for the transport of single JPEG-compressed images. The JPEG compression format was standardised by ISO in August 1990 and commercial applications using it began to show up in 1991. The widely used IJG implementation was first publicly released in October 1991 and has been considerably developed since that time. JPEG JFIF images are widely used on the Web. The amount of compression can be adjusted to achieve the desired trade-off between file size and visual quality. Progressive JPEG is a means of reordering the information so that, after only a small part has been downloaded, a hazy view of the entire image is presented rather than a crisp view of just a small part. It is part of the original JPEG specification, but was not implemented in Web browsers until rather later on, around 1996. It is now fairly widely supported. Although the "baseline" variety of JPEG is believed patent-free, there are many patents associated with some optional features of JPEG, namely arithmetic coding and hierarchical storage. For this reason, these optional features are never used on the Web.


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Created in 1990

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How to cite this record JPEG Format; Joint Photographic Experts Group Format; DOI:; Last edited: Jan. 8, 2019, 1:38 p.m.; Last accessed: Oct 24 2021 11:15 p.m.

Record updated: July 12, 2017, 10:26 a.m. by The FAIRsharing Team.

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