standards > terminology artifact > DOI:10.25504/FAIRsharing.qnkw45


ready Medical Subject Headings

Abbreviation: MESH


General Information
MeSH is the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus. It consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity. MeSH descriptors are arranged in both an alphabetic and a hierarchical structure. At the most general level of the hierarchical structure are very broad headings such as "Anatomy" or "Mental Disorders." More specific headings are found at more narrow levels of the thirteen-level hierarchy, such as "Ankle" and "Conduct Disorder." There are 27,883 descriptors in 2016 MeSH with over 87,000 entry terms that assist in finding the most appropriate MeSH Heading, for example, "Vitamin C" is an entry term to "Ascorbic Acid." In addition to these headings, there are more than 232,000 Supplementary Concept Records (SCRs) within a separate file. Generally SCR records contain specific examples of chemicals, diseases, and drug protocols. They are updated more frequently than descriptors. Each SCR is assigned to a related descriptor via the Heading Map (HM) field. The HM is used to rapidly identify the most specific descriptor class and include it in the citation. If you work on the project responsible for "Medical Subject Headings" then please consider helping us by claiming this record and updating it appropriately.

Homepage http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/

Countries that developed this resource United States

Created in 1960

Taxonomic range

Knowledge Domains 




How to cite this record FAIRsharing.org: MESH; Medical Subject Headings; DOI: https://doi.org/10.25504/FAIRsharing.qnkw45; Last edited: Aug. 7, 2019, 1:47 p.m.; Last accessed: Dec 03 2020 1:17 a.m.


Record updated: June 27, 2019, 11:25 a.m. by The FAIRsharing Team.

Show edit history





Tools

    No tools defined


Schemas

No XSD schemas defined


Access / Retrieve Data

Conditions of Use


Data Curation

Data Access




Publications

Medical subject headings.

ROGERS FB
Bull Med Libr Assoc 1963

View Paper (PubMed)

MESH Ontology Display

View in BioPortal.


Disclaimer: This widget assumes the availability of the ontology resources in the NCBO BioPortal.


Related Standards

Reporting Guidelines

No guidelines defined

Models and Formats

No syntax standards defined

Identifier Schemas

No identifier schema standards defined

Metrics

No metrics standards defined


Related Databases (13)
SpliceDisease
The SpliceDisease database provides information linking RNA splicing to human disease, including the change of the nucleotide in the sequence, the location of the mutation on the gene, the reference Pubmed ID and detailed description for the relationship among gene mutations, splicing defects and diseases.

neXtProt
neXtProt is a comprehensive human-centric discovery platform, offering its users a seamless integration of and navigation through protein-related data.

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database
The Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD) advances understanding of the effects of environmental chemicals on human health. Biocurators manually curate chemical-gene, chemical-disease, and gene-disease relationships from the scientific literature. This core data is then internally integrated to generate inferred chemical-gene-disease networks. Additionally, the core data is integrated with external data sets (such as Gene Ontology and pathway annotations) to predict many novel associations between different data types. A unique and powerful feature of CTD is the inferred relationships generated by data integration that helps turn knowledge into discoveries by identifying novel connections between chemicals, genes, diseases, pathways, and GO annotations that might not otherwise be apparent using other biological resources.

European Mouse Mutant Archive
The European Mouse Mutant Archive (EMMA) is a non-profit repository for the collection, archiving (via cryopreservation) and distribution of relevant mutant strains essential for basic biomedical research. The laboratory mouse is the most important mammalian model for studying genetic and multi-factorial diseases in man. Thus the work of EMMA will play a crucial role in exploiting the tremendous potential benefits to human health presented by the current research in mammalian genetics.

PubChem
PubChem is organized as three linked databases within the NCBI's Entrez information retrieval system. These are PubChem Substance, PubChem Compound, and PubChem BioAssay. PubChem also provides a fast chemical structure similarity search tool. More information about using each component database may be found using the links in the homepage.

PubMed
PubMed is a search engine of biomedical literature, provided as a service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine and includes more than 25 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

Orphanet
Orphanet is the reference resource for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs for all publics. Its aim is to contribute to the improvement of the diagnosis, care and treatment of patients with rare diseases. Orphanet maintains the Orphanet nomenclature, essential for interoperability, and the Orphanet Rare Disease Ontology (ORDO).

GWAS Central
GWAS Central stores genome-wide association study data. The database content comprises direct submissions received from GWAS authors and consortia in addition to actively gathered data sets from various public sources. GWAS data are discoverable from the perspective of genetic markers, genes, genome regions or phenotypes, via graphical visualizations and detailed downloadable data reports.

DisGeNET: a knowledge base for disease genomics
DisGeNET is a discovery platform containing one of the largest collections available of genes and variants involved in human diseases. DisGeNET integrates data from expert curated repositories, GWAS catalogues, animal models, and the scientific literature, and covers the whole landscape of human diseases. The current version of DisGeNET (v7.0) contains 1,134,942 gene-disease associations (GDAs), between 21,671 genes and 30,170 diseases, disorders, traits, and clinical or abnormal human phenotypes, and 369,554 variant-disease associations (VDAs), between 194,515 variants and 14,155 diseases, traits, and phenotypes. The data are homogeneously annotated with controlled vocabularies and community-driven ontologies. Additionally, several original metrics are provided to assist the prioritization of genotype-phenotype relationships. The information is accessible through a web interface, a Cytoscape App, an RDF SPARQL endpoint, a REST API, and an R package.

UniCarbKB
UniCarbKB is an initiative that aims to promote the creation of an online information storage and search platform for glycomics and glycobiology research. The knowledgebase will offer a freely accessible and information-rich resource supported by querying interfaces, annotation technologies and the adoption of common standards to integrate structural, experimental and functional data.

GeneWeaver
The GeneWeaver data and analytics website is a publically available resource for storing, curating and analyzing sets of genes from heterogeneous data sources. The system enables discovery of relationships among genes, variants, traits, drugs, environments, anatomical structures and diseases implicitly found through gene set intersections. By enumerating the common and distinct biological molecules associated with all subsets of curated or user submitted groups of gene sets and gene networks, GeneWeaver empowers users with the ability to construct data driven descriptions of shared and unique biological processes, diseases and traits within and across species.

LncBook
LncBook is a curated knowledgebase of human lncRNAs that features a comprehensive collection of human lncRNAs and systematic curation of lncRNAs by multi-omics data integration, functional annotation and disease association. It integrates multi-omics data from expression, methylation, genome variation and lncRNA-miRNA interaction. A core component of LncBook is the community-curated LncRNAWiki portal, which a wiki-based, publicly editable and open-content platform for community curation of human long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs).

Mitochondrial Disease Sequence Data Resource
The Mitochondrial Disease Sequence Data Resource (MSeqDR) is a centralized genome and phenome bioinformatics resource built by the mitochondrial disease community to facilitate clinical diagnosis and research investigations of individual patient phenotypes, genomes, genes, and variants. It integrates community knowledge from expert‐curated databases with genomic and phenotype data shared by clinicians and researchers.

Scroll for more...


Implementing Policies

This record is not implemented by any policy.


Credit

Record Maintainer

  • This record is in need of a maintainer. If you login, you'll be able to claim this record.

Maintains