Ecological Metadata Language
How to cite this record FAIRsharing.org: EML; Ecological Metadata Language; DOI: https://doi.org/10.25504/FAIRsharing.r3vtvx; Last edited: Feb. 22, 2018, 2:11 p.m.; Last accessed: Sep 25 2018 12:24 p.m.
Record updated: Nov. 27, 2016, 10:40 p.m. by The FAIRsharing Team.
Edits to 'https://fairsharing.org/FAIRsharing.r3vtvx' by 'The FAIRsharing Team' at 22:40, 27 Nov 2016 (approved): 'contactName' has been modified: Before: After: General Contact Taxonomy list has changed: Previous values: All|http://identifiers.org/taxonomy/1?resource=MIR:00100019 New values: Not applicable| Organisations have changed: Previous values: LTER NCEAS (National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis) NSF New values: LTER NCEAS (National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis) NSF DataONE Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity Support links have changed: Previous values: New values: @nceas Grants have changed: Previous values: New values: DEB99-80154 Added: Removed:
Conditions of Use
Maximizing the Value of Ecological Data with Structured Metadata: An Introduction to Ecological Metadata Language (EML) and Principles for Metadata Creation
Eric H. Fegraus, Sandy Andelman, Matthew B. Jones, and Mark Schildhauer
ESA Bulletin 2005
No guidelines defined
No semantic standards defined
Models and Formats
No syntax standards defined
No identifier schema standards defined
An international repository intended to facilitate ecological and environmental research. For scientists, the KNB is an efficient way to share, discover, access and interpret complex ecological data. Due to rich contextual information provided with KNB data, scientists are able to integrate and analyze data with less effort. The data originate from a highly-distributed set of field stations, laboratories, research sites, and individual researchers. The foundation of the KNB is the rich, detailed metadata provided by researchers that collect data, which promotes both automated and manual integration of data into new projects. As part of the KNB effort, data management software is developed in a free and open source manner, so other groups can build upon the tools. The KNB is powered by the Metacat data management system, and is optimized for handling data sets described using the Ecological Metadata Language, but can store any XML-based metadata document.
Environmental Data Initiative Data Repository
The Environmental Data Initiative is an NSF-funded project meant to accelerate curation and archive of environmental data, emphasizing data from projects funded by the NSF DEB. Programs served include Long Term Research in Environmental Biology (LTREB), Organization for Biological Field Stations (OBFS), Macrosystems Biology (MSB), and Long Term Ecological Research (LTER).
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
GBIF, the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, is an international open data infrastructure, funded by governments. It is not a data repository. Rather, GBIF indexes thousands of datasets shared freely by hundreds of institutions worldwide making it the biggest biodiversity database on the Internet. GBIF.org makes the data discoverable and citable, assigning each download a DOI and storing it for an extended period of time. More than 1 peer-reviewed research publication citing GBIF as a source of data is published every day, in studies spanning the impacts of climate change, the spread of pests and diseases, priority areas for conservation and food security. To share your data with GBIF follow this quick guide: http://www.gbif.org/publishing-data/quick-guide To deposit/host your data, it is recommended you use one of the trusted IPT data hosting centres (DHC) listed in FAIRsharing.org. The DHC will provide you with an account on their IPT, which will allow you to manage your own datasets and publish them through GBIF.org.
Brazilian Flora 2020
In 2010, Brazil published the Catalog of Plants and Fungi of Brazil and launched the first online version of the List of Species of the Brazilian Flora, meeting Target 1 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC-CBD). This botanical milestone was only achieved due to the commitment of more than 400 Brazilians and foreign taxonomists who worked on a platform where information about our flora was included and disseminated in real time. The "Brazilian List", as it was popularly known, closed in November 2015 with the publication of five papers and their respective databases dealing with the different groups of fungi and plants. We enthusiastically present in 2016, the brand new system that houses the Brazilian Flora 2020 project, aiming to achieve Target 1 established for 2020 by the GSPC-CBD. This new project icludes provisions to include descriptions, identification keys and illustrations to all species of plants, algae and fungi known in the country. The Brazilian Flora 2020 project is part of the Reflora Programme and is being conducted with the support of the Sistema de Informação sobre a Biodiversidade Brasileira (SiBBr). At the moment has nearly 700 scientists working in a network to prepare the monographs. These researchers are also responsible for nomenclatural information and geographic distribution (coverage in Brazil, endemism and biomes), as well as valuable data regarding life forms, substrate and vegetation types for each species. The search results on this page include information on endangered species (thanks to the cooperation with the Centro Nacional de Conservação da Flora) and allow access to the Index Herbariorum (due to the collaboration of The New York Botanical Garden). Besides this information, users can also access images of herbarium specimens, including nomenclatural types, from both the Reflora Virtual Herbarium and INCT Virtual Herbarium of Flora and Fungi; as well as images of live plants and scientific illustrations with all images included by the experts in each group.
Reflora Virtual Herbarium
The mission of this project was to built a virtual herbarium to display the images of Brazilian plants that are housed in foreign herbaria and was presented by the Brazilian Research Council (CNPq) to the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden (JBRJ) in December 2010. The objective was to provide capacity to store and display high quality data regarding Brazil’s Flora within a public institution. The Reflora Virtual Herbarium is designed to allow taxonomists to perform similar procedures to the ones they are used to do within physical collections. In this site they will access, rather than physical specimens, high quality images that can be consulted, re-determined and typified, amongst other functionalities. In due course, the curators of partner institutes will receive periodic and on-demand system reports and will be able to update data in their own collections. There are currently (2016-10-30) 1922914 images of specimens available in the Reflora Virtual Herbarium. Amongst them, 116925 are nomenclatural types and 525348 are georeferenced records. If you are a trained taxonomist and would like to collaborate in the Reflora Virtual Herbarium, contact us by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Atlas of Living Australia IPT - GBIF Australia Repository
The Atlas of Living Australia (GBIF Australia) maintains this data repository in collaboration with the GBIF Secretariat, built using an installation of the GBIF Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT). Able to assign DOIs to datasets, it ensures the data is disseminated in standardized format in order to facilitate wider reuse and integration of the data, for example into GBIF.org. GBIF Australia supports researchers in Australia by providing them helpdesk assistance and by hosting their data for free in this repository.
GBIF Spain IPT - GBIF Spain Repository
GBIF Spain maintains this data repository, built using an installation of the GBIF Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT). Able to assign DOIs to datasets, it ensures the data is disseminated in standardized format in order to facilitate wider reuse and integration of the data, for example into GBIF.org. GBIF Spain supports researchers in Spain by providing them helpdesk assistance and by hosting their data for free in this repository. It has already been used to publish/host data in scientific publications, e.g. http://dx.doi.org/10.15470/qomfu6 which is the data this Scientific Data publication is based on: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2016.85
Canadensys IPT - GBIF Canadensys Repository
Canadensys maintains this data repository, built using an installation of the GBIF Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT). Able to assign DOIs to datasets, it ensures the data is disseminated in standardized format in order to facilitate wider reuse and integration of the data, for example into GBIF.org. Canadensys supports researchers in Canada by providing them helpdesk assistance and by hosting their data for free in this repository.
SiB Colombia IPT - GBIF Colombia Repository
The Colombian Biodiversity Information System (SiB Colombia) maintains this data repository, built using an installation of the GBIF Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT). Able to assign DOIs to datasets, it ensures the data is disseminated in standardized format in order to facilitate wider reuse and integration of the data, for example into GBIF.org. SiB Colombia supports researchers in Colombia by providing them helpdesk assistance and by hosting their data for free in this repository.
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US National Science Foundation (NSF) (Government body)
DataONE, NW, USA (Consortium)
Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity (KNB) (Consortium)
DEB99-80154 (US National Science Foundation (NSF))