standards > terminology artifact > DOI:10.25504/FAIRsharing.1414v8
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ready BRENDA tissue / enzyme source

Abbreviation: BTO

General Information
A structured controlled vocabulary for the source of an enzyme. It comprises terms for tissues, cell lines, cell types and cell cultures from uni- and multicellular organisms.


Countries that developed this resource Germany

Created in 1991

Taxonomic range

How to cite this record BTO; BRENDA tissue / enzyme source; DOI:; Last edited: Aug. 5, 2019, 1:13 p.m.; Last accessed: Oct 20 2021 1:14 a.m.

Record updated: July 14, 2019, 1:55 p.m. by The FAIRsharing Team.

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The BRENDA Tissue Ontology (BTO): the first all-integrating ontology of all organisms for enzyme sources.

Nucleic Acids Res. 2011

View Paper (PubMed)

BRENDA in 2015: exciting developments in its 25th year of existence.

Chang A,Schomburg I,Placzek S,Jeske L,Ulbrich M,Xiao M,Sensen CW,Schomburg D
Nucleic Acids Res 2014

View Paper (PubMed) View Publication

BRENDA in 2013: integrated reactions, kinetic data, enzyme function data, improved disease classification: new options and contents in BRENDA.

Schomburg I,Chang A,Placzek S,Sohngen C,Rother M,Lang M,Munaretto C,Ulas S,Stelzer M,Grote A,Scheer M,Schomburg D
Nucleic Acids Res 2012

View Paper (PubMed) View Publication

BRENDA in 2019: a European ELIXIR core data resource.

Jeske L,Placzek S,Schomburg I,Chang A,Schomburg D
Nucleic Acids Res 2018

View Paper (PubMed) View Publication

BRENDA, the enzyme database: updates and major new developments.

Schomburg I,Chang A,Ebeling C,Gremse M,Heldt C,Huhn G,Schomburg D
Nucleic Acids Res 2003

View Paper (PubMed) View Publication

BTO Ontology Display

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View in OBO Foundry.

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Grant Number(s)

  • 01KX1235 (The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF))

  • 021902 (RII3) (European Union, Free European Life-Science Information and Computational Services (FELICS))

  • 226073 (European Union, Serving Life-science Information for the Next Generation (SLING))

  • 74ZN1122 (Ministry of Science and Culture of Lower Saxony, Hannover, Germany)