standards > terminology artifact > DOI:10.25504/FAIRsharing.5dnjs2
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ready The Data Use Ontology

Abbreviation: DUO

General Information
The Data Use Ontology (DUO) describes data use requirements and limitations. DUO allows to semantically tag datasets with restriction about their usage, making them discoverable automatically based on the authorization level of users, or intended usage. This resource is based on the OBO Foundry principles, and developed using the W3C Web Ontology Language. It is used in production by the European Genome-phenome Archive (EGA) at EMBL-EBI and CRG as well as the Broad Institute for the Data Use Oversight System (DUOS).


Countries that developed this resource Spain , United Kingdom , United States

Created in 2017

Taxonomic range

In the following recommendations:

How to cite this record DUO; The Data Use Ontology; DOI:; Last edited: Jan. 28, 2020, 1:44 p.m.; Last accessed: Jan 17 2022 4:32 p.m.

This record is maintained by mcourtot  ORCID

Record added: Oct. 24, 2017, 9:41 a.m.
Record updated: Jan. 28, 2020, 1:34 p.m. by mcourtot.

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    No tools defined


No XSD schemas defined

Access / Retrieve Data

Conditions of Use

Applies to: Data use

Data Release

Data Access


No publications available

DUO Ontology Display

View in BioPortal.

Disclaimer: This widget assumes the availability of the ontology resources in the NCBO BioPortal.

View in OBO Foundry.

Related Standards

Reporting Guidelines

No guidelines defined

Models and Formats

No syntax standards defined

Identifier Schemas

No identifier schema standards defined


No metrics standards defined

Related Databases (3)
BioSamples at the European Bioinformatics Institute
The BioSamples database aggregates sample information for reference samples (e.g. Coriell Cell lines) and samples for which data exist in one of the EBI's assay databases such as ArrayExpress, the European Nucleotide Archive or PRIDE. It provides links to assays and specific samples, and accepts direct submissions of sample information.

The European Genome-phenome Archive
The European Genome-phenome Archive (EGA) allows you to explore datasets from genomic studies, provided by a range of data providers. Access to datasets must be approved by the specified Data Access Committee (DAC).

Database of Genotypes and Phenotypes
The Database of Genotypes and Phenotypes (dbGaP) archives and distributes the results of studies that have investigated the interaction of genotype and phenotype. Such studies include genome-wide association studies, medical sequencing, molecular diagnostic assays, as well as association between genotype and non-clinical traits.

Implementing Policies


Record Maintainer



Grant Number(s)

  • 201535/Z/16Z (The Wellcome Trust, UK)

  • 5U01HG009454-03 (National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), NIH, United States)