Standards > model/format > DOI:10.25504/FAIRsharing.b7z8by

ready Digital Imaging and COmmunications in Medicine


General Information
DICOM — Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine — is the international standard for medical images and related information (ISO 12052). It defines the formats for medical images that can be exchanged with the data and quality necessary for clinical use. DICOM is implemented in almost every radiology, cardiology imaging, and radiotherapy device (X-ray, CT, MRI, ultrasound, etc.), and increasingly in devices in other medical domains such as ophthalmology and dentistry. With tens of thousands of imaging devices in use, DICOM is one of the most widely deployed healthcare messaging standards in the world. There are literally billions of DICOM images currently in use for clinical care. Since its first publication in 1993, DICOM has revolutionized the practice of radiology, allowing the replacement of X-ray film with a fully digital workflow. Much as the Internet has become the platform for new consumer information applications, DICOM has enabled advanced medical imaging applications that have “changed the face of clinical medicine”. From the emergency department, to cardiac stress testing, to breast cancer detection, DICOM is the standard that makes medical imaging work — for doctors and for patients.

How to cite this record: DICOM; Digital Imaging and COmmunications in Medicine; DOI:; Last edited: Feb. 22, 2018, 2:10 p.m.; Last accessed: Mar 18 2018 7:16 p.m.

This record is maintained by dclunie  ORCID

Record updated: June 21, 2017, 2:01 p.m. by The FAIRsharing Team.



No XSD schemas defined

Access / Retrieve Data

Conditions of Use


Multi-series DICOM: an extension of DICOM that stores a whole study in a single object.

Ismail M,Philbin J
J Digit Imaging 2013

View Paper (PubMed) View Paper (DOI)

DICOM demystified: a review of digital file formats and their use in radiological practice.

Graham RN,Perriss RW,Scarsbrook AF
Clin Radiol 2005

View Paper (PubMed) View Paper (DOI)

Related Standards

Models and Formats

No syntax standards defined

Implementing Databases (7)
National Database for Autism Research (NDAR)
National Database for Autism Research (NDAR) is an extensible, scalable informatics platform for austism spectrum disorder-relevant data at all levels of biological and behavioral organization (molecules, genes, neural tissue, behavioral, social and environmental interactions) and for all data types (text, numeric, image, time series, etc.). NDAR was developed to share data across the entire ASD field and to facilitate collaboration across laboratories, as well as interconnectivity with other informatics platforms.

The Cancer Imaging Archive
The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA) is a large archive of medical images of cancer accessible for public download. All images are stored in DICOM file format. The images are organized as "Collections", typically patients related by a common disease (e.g. lung cancer), image modality (MRI, CT, etc) or research focus.

SICAS medical image repository
The Sicas Medical Image Repository is a centralized storage system where the data such as Images, Segmentations, SSM can be used to build and shared statistical shape models. Dicom, ITK based images and statistical models in the statismo format can be stored on SMIR.

The CancerData site is an effort of the Medical Informatics and Knowledge Engineering team (MIKE for short) of Maastro Clinic, Maastricht, The Netherlands. It offers a central, online repository for the sustained storage of clinical protocols, publications and research datasets. The data that are offered can vary from documents, spreadsheets to (bio-)medical images and treatment simulations. CancerData is a registered member of DataCite, which is an international consortium and member of the International DOI Foundation. Via DataCite, we have the ability to offer persistent identifiers to the datasets via the registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOI).

Curie Image Database
In addition to data used in on-going collaborations, this database host images from France Bio Imaging microscopy facility with public access either associated to publications, either that make interest from an image processing point of view (such as challenges for developpers or for use in metrology). This resource requires a log in account, however some projects are available with a guest account.

Structual and functional MRI data
MRI data for brain and mind research incl. simultaneous recording of EEG and electrophysiology. This resource has restricted access.

Brain Imaging Network Data Repository
We are a leading national institution in brain MR imaging and molecular imaging (given cyclotron and radiopharmacy facilities). These pillars create the core medical imaging equipment infrastructure in Portugal with relevant scientific productivity now expanding to all levels of multimodal imaging. We have unique expertise and equipment for development of imaging markers and studies in brain imaging and respective repositories. This resource has restricted access. Please use the contact details provided to request access.

Scroll for more...

Implementing Policies

This record is not implemented by any policy.


Record Maintainer