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Standards > terminology artifact > bsg-s000195


ready Darwin Core

Abbreviation:DwC


General Information
The Darwin Core is a body of standards. It includes a glossary of terms (in other contexts these might be called properties, elements, fields, columns, attributes, or concepts) intended to facilitate the sharing of information about biological diversity by providing reference definitions, examples, and commentaries. The Darwin Core is primarily based on taxa, their occurrence in nature as documented by observations, specimens, and samples, and related information. The GBIF Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT) http://www.gbif.org/ipt can be used to publish datasets standardized in compliance with the Darwin Core standard.


This record replaces or incorporates the following deprecated resources:

Homepage http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/

Developed in Worldwide

Created in 2009

Taxonomic range






Collected/Recommended By



This record is maintained by kbraak  ORCID

Record updated: Jan. 16, 2017, 2:50 p.m. by kbraak.




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Applies to: Data use




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Related Standards

Implementing Databases (13)
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
GBIF, the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, is an international open data infrastructure, funded by governments. It is not a data repository. Rather, GBIF indexes thousands of datasets shared freely by hundreds of institutions worldwide making it the biggest biodiversity database on the Internet. GBIF.org makes the data discoverable and citable, assigning each download a DOI and storing it for an extended period of time. More than 1 peer-reviewed research publication citing GBIF as a source of data is published every day, in studies spanning the impacts of climate change, the spread of pests and diseases, priority areas for conservation and food security. To share your data with GBIF follow this quick guide: http://www.gbif.org/publishing-data/quick-guide To deposit/host your data, it is recommended you use one of the trusted IPT data hosting centres (DHC) listed in FAIRsharing.org. The DHC will provide you with an account on their IPT, which will allow you to manage your own datasets and publish them through GBIF.org.

Fulgoromorpha Lists On the Web
Fulgoromorpha Lists On the Web (FLOW) is an online database that aims to provide an easy-access summary of available biological published primary data on planthoppers (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha), a group of major economic importance. It includes information on taxonomy, nomenclature, bibliography, distribution and various associated biological information on host-plants and parasites (including fossils).

Canadensys
Biological collections are replete with taxonomic, geographic, temporal, numerical, and historical information. This information is crucial for understanding and properly managing biodiversity and ecosystems, but is often difficult to access. Data publication is the act of making that information available online, and is the core mission of Canadensys. Most of the datasets contain specimen data, but checklists and observation data are present as well.

Scratchpads
Scratchpads are an online virtual research environment for biodiversity scientists, allowing anyone to share their data and create their own research networks. Sites are hosted at the Natural History Museum London, and offered freely to any scientist that completes an online registration form. Sites can focus on specific taxonomic groups, or the biodiversity of a biogeographic region, or indeed any aspect of natural history. Scratchpads are also suitable for societies or for managing and presenting projects. Key features of Scratchpads include: tools to manage biological classifications, bibliography management, media (images, video and audio), rich taxon pages (with structured descriptions, specimen records, and distribution data), and character matrices. Scratchpads support various ways of communicating with site members and visitors such as blogs, forums, newsletters and a commenting system. Translations of the Scratchpad software are available via our localisation server and site content can be created in multiple languages.

Ocean Biogeographic information System
The Ocean Biogeographic information System (OBIS) seeks to absorb, integrate, and assess isolated datasets into a larger, more comprehensive pictures of life in our oceans. The system hopes to stimulate research about our oceans to generate new hypotheses concerning evolutionary processes, species distributions, and roles of organisms in marine systems on a global scale. The abstract maps that OBIS generates are maps that contribute to the ‘big picture’ of our oceans: a comprehensive, collaborative, world-wide view of our oceans. OBIS provides a portal or gateway to many datasets containing information on where and when marine species have been recorded. The datasets are integrated so you can search them all seamlessly by species name, higher taxonomic level, geographic area, depth, and time; and then map and find environmental data related to the locations.

Brazilian Flora 2020
In 2010, Brazil published the Catalog of Plants and Fungi of Brazil and launched the first online version of the List of Species of the Brazilian Flora, meeting Target 1 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC-CBD). This botanical milestone was only achieved due to the commitment of more than 400 Brazilians and foreign taxonomists who worked on a platform where information about our flora was included and disseminated in real time. The "Brazilian List", as it was popularly known, closed in November 2015 with the publication of five papers and their respective databases dealing with the different groups of fungi and plants. We enthusiastically present in 2016, the brand new system that houses the Brazilian Flora 2020 project, aiming to achieve Target 1 established for 2020 by the GSPC-CBD. This new project icludes provisions to include descriptions, identification keys and illustrations to all species of plants, algae and fungi known in the country. The Brazilian Flora 2020 project is part of the Reflora Programme and is being conducted with the support of the Sistema de Informação sobre a Biodiversidade Brasileira (SiBBr). At the moment has nearly 700 scientists working in a network to prepare the monographs. These researchers are also responsible for nomenclatural information and geographic distribution (coverage in Brazil, endemism and biomes), as well as valuable data regarding life forms, substrate and vegetation types for each species. The search results on this page include information on endangered species (thanks to the cooperation with the Centro Nacional de Conservação da Flora) and allow access to the Index Herbariorum (due to the collaboration of The New York Botanical Garden). Besides this information, users can also access images of herbarium specimens, including nomenclatural types, from both the Reflora Virtual Herbarium and INCT Virtual Herbarium of Flora and Fungi; as well as images of live plants and scientific illustrations with all images included by the experts in each group.

Reflora Virtual Herbarium
The mission of this project was to built a virtual herbarium to display the images of Brazilian plants that are housed in foreign herbaria and was presented by the Brazilian Research Council (CNPq) to the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden (JBRJ) in December 2010. The objective was to provide capacity to store and display high quality data regarding Brazil’s Flora within a public institution. The Reflora Virtual Herbarium is designed to allow taxonomists to perform similar procedures to the ones they are used to do within physical collections. In this site they will access, rather than physical specimens, high quality images that can be consulted, re-determined and typified, amongst other functionalities. In due course, the curators of partner institutes will receive periodic and on-demand system reports and will be able to update data in their own collections. There are currently (2016-10-30) 1922914 images of specimens available in the Reflora Virtual Herbarium. Amongst them, 116925 are nomenclatural types and 525348 are georeferenced records. If you are a trained taxonomist and would like to collaborate in the Reflora Virtual Herbarium, contact us by e-mail at reflora@jbrj.gov.br.

Atlas of Living Australia IPT - GBIF Australia Repository
The Atlas of Living Australia (GBIF Australia) maintains this data repository in collaboration with the GBIF Secretariat, built using an installation of the GBIF Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT). Able to assign DOIs to datasets, it ensures the data is disseminated in standardized format in order to facilitate wider reuse and integration of the data, for example into GBIF.org. GBIF Australia supports researchers in Australia by providing them helpdesk assistance and by hosting their data for free in this repository.

GBIF Spain IPT - GBIF Spain Repository
GBIF Spain maintains this data repository, built using an installation of the GBIF Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT). Able to assign DOIs to datasets, it ensures the data is disseminated in standardized format in order to facilitate wider reuse and integration of the data, for example into GBIF.org. GBIF Spain supports researchers in Spain by providing them helpdesk assistance and by hosting their data for free in this repository. It has already been used to publish/host data in scientific publications, e.g. http://dx.doi.org/10.15470/qomfu6 which is the data this Scientific Data publication is based on: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2016.85

Canadensys IPT - GBIF Canadensys Repository
Canadensys maintains this data repository, built using an installation of the GBIF Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT). Able to assign DOIs to datasets, it ensures the data is disseminated in standardized format in order to facilitate wider reuse and integration of the data, for example into GBIF.org. Canadensys supports researchers in Canada by providing them helpdesk assistance and by hosting their data for free in this repository.

SiB Colombia IPT - GBIF Colombia Repository
The Colombian Biodiversity Information System (SiB Colombia) maintains this data repository, built using an installation of the GBIF Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT). Able to assign DOIs to datasets, it ensures the data is disseminated in standardized format in order to facilitate wider reuse and integration of the data, for example into GBIF.org. SiB Colombia supports researchers in Colombia by providing them helpdesk assistance and by hosting their data for free in this repository.

Antabif IPT - AntOBIS IPT - GBIF Belgium
The Belgium Biodiversity Platform hosts this data repository on behalf of the SCAR Antarctic Biodiversity Portal biodiversity.aq in collaboration with the GBIF Secretariat, built using an installation of the GBIF Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT). This IPT publisher serves terrestrial and marine Biodiversity data to the relevant global networks. The marine component of AntOBIS is part of an international data sharing network (Ocean Biogeographic Information System, OBIS) coordinated by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Science and Cultural Organization) International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange.

e-ReColNat
The aim of e-ReColNat is to build a huge database consisting of species occurrence records through time, which will feed all kind of research and expertise in biodiversity survey, modelling global change, etc.

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Implementing Policies

This record is not implemented by any policy.


Credit

Record Maintainer

Funds

Maintains

Grant Number(s)

  • DBI-0108161 (U.S. National Science Foundation)

  • DBI-0345448 (U.S. National Science Foundation)

  • NSF-9808739 (U.S. National Science Foundation)


Publications

Darwin Core: an evolving community-developed biodiversity data standard.

Wieczorek J,Bloom D,Guralnick R,Blum S,Doring M,Giovanni R,Robertson T,Vieglais D
PLoS One 2012

View Paper (PubMed) View Paper (DOI)

Linking multiple biodiversity informatics platforms with Darwin Core Archives.

Baker E,Rycroft S,Smith VS
Biodivers Data J 2014

View Paper (PubMed) View Paper (DOI)

The GBIF integrated publishing toolkit: facilitating the efficient publishing of biodiversity data on the internet.

Robertson T,Doring M,Guralnick R,Bloom D,Wieczorek J,Braak K,Otegui J,Russell L,Desmet P
PLoS One 2014

View Paper (PubMed) View Paper (DOI)