standards > model/format > DOI:10.25504/FAIRsharing.1t5ws6


ready Data Documentation Initiative

Abbreviation: DDI


General Information
The freely available international DDI standard describes data that result from observational methods in the social, behavioral, economic, and health sciences. DDI is used to document data in over 80 countries of the world.

Homepage http://www.ddialliance.org/

Countries that developed this resource Worldwide

Created in 1995

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Knowledge Domains 




How to cite this record FAIRsharing.org: DDI; Data Documentation Initiative; DOI: https://doi.org/10.25504/FAIRsharing.1t5ws6; Last edited: July 9, 2019, 10:52 a.m.; Last accessed: Feb 20 2020 2:36 p.m.


This record is maintained by jlyle  ORCID

Record added: July 22, 2015, 12:39 p.m.
Record updated: July 9, 2019, 10:52 a.m. by The FAIRsharing Team.

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Schemas

No XSD schemas defined


Access / Retrieve Data

Conditions of Use

Applies to: Data use




Publications

The data documentation initiative: a preservation standard for research

Rasmussen KB, Blank G
Archival Science 2007

View Publication

The Data Documentation Initiative The Value and Significance of a Worldwide Standard

Blank G
Social Science Computer Review 2004


Data Documentation Initiative: Toward a Standard for the Social Sciences

Mary Vardigan, Pascal Heus, Wendy Thomas
International Journal of Digital Curation 2008

View Publication

Related Standards

Reporting Guidelines

No guidelines defined

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No semantic standards defined

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No identifier schema standards defined

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Implementing Databases (13)
Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
ICPSR is a data archive of behavioral and social science research data. An international consortium of more than 750 academic institutions and research organizations, ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for the social science research community. ICPSR is a CoreTrustSeal core certified repository and was a 2019 United States National Medal for Museum and Library Service recipient, the nation’s highest honor given to museums and libraries that make significant and exceptional contributions to their communities.

Health and Medical Care Archive
The Health and Medical Care Archive (HMCA) is the data archive of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), the largest philanthropy devoted exclusively to health and health care in the United States. Operated by the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) at the University of Michigan with funding from RWJF, HMCA preserves and disseminates data collected by selected research projects funded by RWJF and facilitates secondary analyses of the data. The data collections in HMCA primarily includes large-scale surveys of the American public about public health, attitudes towards health reform, and access to medical care; surveys of health care professionals and organizations, public health professionals, and nurses; evaluations of innovative programs for the delivery of health care, and many other topics and populations of interest. Our goal is to build a culture of health by increasing the understanding of health and health care and the factors that contribute to health in the United States through secondary analysis of RWJF-supported data collections.

Data Sharing for Demographic Research
Data Sharing for Demographic Research (DSDR) supports the demographic community by disseminating, archiving, and preserving data relevant for population studies. The mission of DSDR is to serve as a locus of information for researchers who collect, analyze, and distribute primary data as well as researchers who analyze secondary data. DSDR aims to foster interdisciplinary collaborations between Demography and other disciplines. DSDR is located within ICPSR and supported by the Population Dynamics Branch (PDB) of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U24 HD048404).

Qualitative Data Repository
The Qualitative Data Repository (QDR) is a dedicated archive for storing and sharing digital data (and accompanying documentation) generated or collected through qualitative and multi-method research in the social sciences. QDR provides search tools to facilitate the discovery of data, and also serves as a portal to material beyond its own holdings, with links to U.S. and international archives. The repository’s initial emphasis is on political science. Four beliefs underpin the repository's mission: data that can be shared and reused should be; evidence-based claims should be made transparently; teaching is enriched by the use of well-documented data; and rigorous social science requires common understandings of its research methods.

UK Data Archive
The UK Data Archive is an internationally acknowledged centre of expertise in acquiring, curating and providing access to social science and humanities data. We were founded in 1967, at the University of Essex, with the support of the then Social Science Research Council, with the aim of curating high-quality research data for analysis and reuse. The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) has continued to provide long-term commitment to the Data Archive and we are now a significant part of their UK data infrastructure. Since 2005 we have been designated a Place of Deposit by the National Archives, allowing us to curate public records. The UK Data Archive is the lead organisation of the UK Data Service, which provides unified access to the UK's largest collection of social, economic and population data. Funded by the ESRC, the UK Data Service provides access to regional, national and international social and economic data, support for policy-relevant research and guidance and training for the development of skills in data use.

Norwegian Centre for Research Data
The Norwegian Centre for Research Data (NSD) is one of the largest archives for research data of its kind and provides data to researchers and students in Norway and abroad. Additionally, the NSD is a resource centre which assists researchers with regard to data gathering, data analysis, and issues of methodology, privacy and research ethics. The NSD is a certified archive (certified with the Core Trust Seal), and a member of DataCite. The NSD is also the data processor, data distributor and archive for the ESS – European Social Survey (http://www.europeansocialsurvey.org). The NSD is the Norwegian Service Provider for CESSDA (http://cessda.eu)

Portail Data Inra
INRA is Europe’s top agricultural research institute and the world’s number two centre for the agricultural sciences. Data Inra is offered by INRA as part of its mission to open the results of its research. Data Inra will share research data in relation to food, nutrition, agriculture and environment. It includes experimental, simulation and observation data, omics data, survey and text data. Only data produced by or in collaboration with INRA will be hosted in the repository, but anyone can access the metadata and the open data.

Australian Data Archive
The Australian Data Archive (ADA) provides a national service for the collection and preservation of digital research data. ADA disseminates this data for secondary analysis by academic researchers and other users. The archive is based in the ANU Centre for Social Research and Methods (CSRM) at the Australian National University (ANU).

CLOSER Discovery
CLOSER Discovery enables researchers to search and browse questionnaires and data from eight leading UK longitudinal studies. Relevant survey questions and variables, which can be filtered by study, topic and life stage, are available. Accessing data from each study varies according to the source and data type.

heiDATA
heiDATA is Heidelberg University’s research data repository. It is managed by the Competence Centre for Research Data, a joint institution of the University Library and the Computing Centre. All researchers affiliated with Heidelberg University can use this service for archiving and publishing their data.

UNC Dataverse
UNC Dataverse is a research data repository hosted by the Odum Institute at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. UNC Dataverse is an open access repository that accepts data deposits from individual researchers, research groups, institutions, journals, and other entities from all disciplinary domains. UNC Dataverse offers value-added features that support archiving, discovery, and sharing of research data that align with FAIR principles for findable, accessible, interoperable, reusable data.

National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
Established in 1978, the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD) archives and disseminates data on crime and justice for secondary analysis. The archive contains data from over 2,700 curated studies or statistical data series. NACJD is home to several large-scale and well known datasets, including the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports (UCR), the FBI's National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS), and the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN). In addition to making data available, NACJD curates and preserves data to ensure that they are accessible now and in the future. Located within the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR), a research center of the Institute for Social Research (ISR) at the University of Michigan, NACJD is sponsored by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) of the United States Department of Justice.

Civic Learning, Engagement, and Action Data Sharing
Researchers from a wide variety of disciplines study civic education, civic action, and the many relationships between the two. Civic Learning, Engagement, and Action Data Sharing (CivicLEADS) provides infrastructure for researchers to share and access high-quality datasets which can be used to study civic education and involvement. Funded by a grant from the Spencer Foundation and part of ICPSR's Education and Child Care Data Archives at the University of Michigan, CivicLEADS provides a centralized repository for this multi-disciplinary research area, with data being created across education, political science, developmental sciences, and other disciplines. Researchers can access quantitative and qualitative data on a broad range of topics for secondary analysis as well as sharing their own primary research data. CivicLEADS includes datasets from other ICPSR archives and seeks out emerging data collected by studies still in the field. Beyond facilitating the sharing and discovery of data, CivicLEADS seeks to create a learning community around civic education and engagement research. We strive to form relationships with and between investigators and researchers at every level—from students to emeriti faculty. Data shared in this archive have been documented with thorough metadata, and tools drawing upon these metadata allow researchers to explore and compare variables both within and between studies. By providing tutorials, webinars, and in-person training, CivicLEADS connects researchers with data and facilitates the future of civic education and civic action research.

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