standards > identifier schema > DOI:10.25504/FAIRsharing.hFLKCn


ready Digital Object Identifier

Abbreviation: DOI


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General Information
The digital object identifier (DOI) system originated in a joint initiative of three trade associations in the publishing industry (International Publishers Association; International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers; Association of American Publishers). The system was announced at the Frankfurt Book Fair 1997. The International DOI® Foundation (IDF) was created to develop and manage the DOI system, also in 1997. The DOI system was adopted as International Standard ISO 26324 in 2012. The DOI system implements the Handle System and adds a number of new features. The DOI system provides an infrastructure for persistent unique identification of objects of any type. The DOI system is designed to work over the Internet. A DOI name is permanently assigned to an object to provide a resolvable persistent network link to current information about that object, including where the object, or information about it, can be found on the Internet. While information about an object can change over time, its DOI name will not change. A DOI name can be resolved within the DOI system to values of one or more types of data relating to the object identified by that DOI name, such as a URL, an e-mail address, other identifiers and descriptive metadata. The DOI system enables the construction of automated services and transactions. Applications of the DOI system include but are not limited to managing information and documentation location and access; managing metadata; facilitating electronic transactions; persistent unique identification of any form of any data; and commercial and non-commercial transactions. The content of an object associated with a DOI name is described unambiguously by DOI metadata, based on a structured extensible data model that enables the object to be associated with metadata of any desired degree of precision and granularity to support description and services. The data model supports interoperability between DOI applications. The scope of the DOI system is not defined by reference to the type of content (format, etc.) of the referent, but by reference to the functionalities it provides and the context of use. The DOI system provides, within networks of DOI applications, for unique identification, persistence, resolution, metadata and semantic interoperability.

Homepage https://www.doi.org

Countries that developed this resource Worldwide

Created in 1997

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How to cite this record FAIRsharing.org: DOI; Digital Object Identifier; DOI: https://doi.org/10.25504/FAIRsharing.hFLKCn; Last edited: Feb. 24, 2020, 5:20 p.m.; Last accessed: Apr 03 2020 4:42 a.m.


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Record added: April 23, 2018, 3:22 p.m.
Record updated: Feb. 24, 2020, 8:54 a.m. by The FAIRsharing Team.

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Implementing Databases (34)
figshare
figshare is a repository where users can make all of their research outputs available in a citable, shareable and discoverable manner.

Dryad
DataDryad.org is a nonprofit, curated general-purpose repository that makes the data underlying scientific publications discoverable, freely reusable, and citable. Dryad has integrated data submission for a growing list of journals; submission of data from other publications is also welcome.

The Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity
An international repository intended to facilitate ecological and environmental research. For scientists, the KNB is an efficient way to share, discover, access and interpret complex ecological data. Due to rich contextual information provided with KNB data, scientists are able to integrate and analyze data with less effort. The data originate from a highly-distributed set of field stations, laboratories, research sites, and individual researchers. The foundation of the KNB is the rich, detailed metadata provided by researchers that collect data, which promotes both automated and manual integration of data into new projects. As part of the KNB effort, data management software is developed in a free and open source manner, so other groups can build upon the tools. The KNB is powered by the Metacat data management system, and is optimized for handling data sets described using the Ecological Metadata Language, but can store any XML-based metadata document.

PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth and Environmental Science
The information system PANGAEA is operated as an Open Access library aimed at archiving, publishing and distributing georeferenced data from earth system research. PANGAEA is a member of the ICSU World Data System (WDS).

Sea scientific open data publication
Seanoe (SEA scieNtific Open data Edition) is a publisher of scientific data in the field of marine sciences. It is operated by Sismer within the framework of the Pôle Océan. Data published by SEANOE are available free. They can be used in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons license selected by the author of data. Seance contributes to Open Access / Open Science movement for a free access for everyone to all scientific data financed by public funds for the benefit of research. An embargo limited to 2 years on a set of data is possible; for example to restrict access to data of a publication under scientific review. Each data set published by SEANOE has a DOI which enables it to be cited in a publication in a reliable and sustainable way. The long-term preservation of data filed in SEANOE is ensured by Ifremer infrastructure.

Zenodo
Generalist research data repository built and developed by OpenAIRE and CERN, to ensure that everyone can join in Open Science.

National Geoscience Data Centre Data Archive
The National Geoscience Data Centre (NGDC) collects and preserves geoscientific data and information, making them available to a wide range of users and communities. NGDC is recognised as the NERC Environmental Data Centre for geoscience data.

UK Polar Data Centre Data Archive
The UK Polar Data Centre (UK PDC) is the Natural Environment Research Council's (NERC) Designated Data Centre for polar science. It is the focal point for Arctic and Antarctic environmental data management in the UK.

NERC British Oceanographic Data Centre Data Archive
BODC makes available biological, chemical, physical and geophysical data on the marine environment.

NERC Environmental Information Data Centre
The Environmental Information Data Centre (EIDC) is a NERC Data Centre hosted by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH). They manage nationally-important datasets concerned with the terrestrial and freshwater sciences.

Harvard Dataverse
Harvard Dataverse is a research data repository running on the open source web application Dataverse. Harvard Dataverse is fully open to the public, and allows upload and browsing of data from all fields of research. Dataverse allows users to share, preserve, cite, explore, and analyze research data. It facilitates making data available to others, and allows you to replicate others' work more easily. Researchers, data authors, publishers, data distributors, and affiliated institutions all receive academic credit and web visibility.

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
ICPSR is a data archive of behavioral and social science research data. An international consortium of more than 750 academic institutions and research organizations, ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for the social science research community. ICPSR is a CoreTrustSeal core certified repository and was a 2019 United States National Medal for Museum and Library Service recipient, the nation’s highest honor given to museums and libraries that make significant and exceptional contributions to their communities.

Health and Medical Care Archive
The Health and Medical Care Archive (HMCA) is the data archive of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), the largest philanthropy devoted exclusively to health and health care in the United States. Operated by the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) at the University of Michigan with funding from RWJF, HMCA preserves and disseminates data collected by selected research projects funded by RWJF and facilitates secondary analyses of the data. The data collections in HMCA primarily includes large-scale surveys of the American public about public health, attitudes towards health reform, and access to medical care; surveys of health care professionals and organizations, public health professionals, and nurses; evaluations of innovative programs for the delivery of health care, and many other topics and populations of interest. Our goal is to build a culture of health by increasing the understanding of health and health care and the factors that contribute to health in the United States through secondary analysis of RWJF-supported data collections.

UK Solar System Data Centre Data Archive
The UK Solar System Data Centre (UKSSDC) is the Natural Environment Research Council's (NERC) Designated Data Centre for the Solar terrestrial physics and chemistry. It provides a central archive and data centre facility for Solar System science in the UK. The UKSSDC supports data archives for the whole UK solar system community encompassing solar, inter-planetary, magnetospheric, ionospheric and geomagnetic science. The UKSSDC is part of RAL Space based at the STFC run Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in Oxfordshire.

FAIRsharing
FAIRsharing is a FAIR-supporting resource that provides an informative and educational registry on data standards, databases, repositories and policy, alongside search and visualization tools and services that interoperate with other FAIR-enabling resources. FAIRsharing guides consumers to discover, select and use standards, databases, repositories and policy with confidence, and producers to make their resources more discoverable, more widely adopted and cited. Each record in FAIRsharing is curated in collaboration with the maintainers of the resource themselves, ensuring that the metadata in the FAIRsharing registry is accurate and timely. Every record is manually reviewed at least once a year. Records can be collated into collections, based on a project, society or organisation, or Recommendations, where they are collated around a policy, such as a journal or funder data policy.

4TU.Centre for Research Data
4TU.Centre for Research Data (short: 4TU.ResearchData) was started in 2008 as an initiative of the three technical universities in the Netherlands – Delft University of Technology, Eindhoven University of Technology, and the University of Twente. The ambition was, and still is, to create and maintain a national state-of-the-art facility for storing and preserving science and engineering research data and for making those data openly accessible. The data archive has been fully operational since 2010 and it has evolved to become a trusted and certified repository for science and engineering. By publishing data-sets via 4TU.ResearchData you will make your data FAIR. Every single data-set is assigned a DOI and metadata (F), the archive is accessible 24/7 online worldwide via https protocol (A), the data-files adhere to community and preservation standards (I), and a readme-file and usage license is provided for every data-set (R). This archive is accessible and usable for any researcher from the science and engineering disciplines. Please visit our website for more details.

Kaggle Datasets
Kaggle Datasets is a public open data platform which combines data, users, discussions, and software. Datasets can be searched, bookmarked and explored via Kernels and discussions. All types of data are allowed. Individual users and organizations can register. Datasets can be published either privately or shared publicly.

Norwegian Centre for Research Data
The Norwegian Centre for Research Data (NSD) is one of the largest archives for research data of its kind and provides data to researchers and students in Norway and abroad. Additionally, the NSD is a resource centre which assists researchers with regard to data gathering, data analysis, and issues of methodology, privacy and research ethics. The NSD is a certified archive (certified with the Core Trust Seal), and a member of DataCite. The NSD is also the data processor, data distributor and archive for the ESS – European Social Survey (http://www.europeansocialsurvey.org). The NSD is the Norwegian Service Provider for CESSDA (http://cessda.eu)

Electron Microscope Public Image Archive
EMPIAR, the Electron Microscopy Public Image Archive, is a public resource for raw electron microscopy images. Here, you can browse, upload and download the raw images used to build a 3D structure. The purpose of EMPIAR is to provide easy access to state-of-the-art raw data to facilitate methods development and validation, which will lead to better 3D structures. It complements the Electron Microscopy Data Bank (EMDB), where 3D volumes are stored.

Environmental Data Portal
EnviDat is the environmental data portal and repository developed by the Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL. We have the capability to integrate, host and publish data sets. We make WSL's environmental monitoring and research data accessible. While sharing of data is centrally facilitated, data management remains decentralised and the know-how and responsibility to curate research data remains with the original data providers.

CyVerse Data Common Repository
The Data Commons provides services to manage, organize, preserve, publish, discover, and reuse data. Using our pipelines, you can easily publish data to the NCBI or directly to the CyVerse Data Commons. CyVerse Curated Data are stable and have DOIs. Community Released Data are maintained by community members and may not be permanent.

Imperial College Research Data Repository
A lightweight digital repository for data based on the concepts of collections of filesets. Both the collection and the fileset are assigned a DOI by the DataCite organisation which can be quoted in articles

Centre for Environmental Data Analysis Archive
The CEDA Archive operates the atmospheric and earth observation data centre functions on behalf of NERC for the UK atmospheric science and earth observation communities. It covers climate, composition, observations and NWP data as well as various earth observation datasets, including airborne and satellite data and imagery.

Chemotion repository
The Chemotion-repository is a repository for chemistry research data. The repository was founded at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in Germany as a project funded by the German Research Foundation. The repository is domain specific, offering diverse functions to save and work with chemical datasets and analyse files. The DOI generation is provided by DataCite. The repository supports the storage of data related to molecules or reactions, with a focus on data from synthetic and analytic work. Data can be uploaded directly to the repository or can be added via a connector that mediates the transfer of data from the chemotion ELN (available as an Open Source) to the repository.

Signaling Pathways Project
The Signaling Pathways Project is an integrated 'omics knowledgebase based upon public, manually curated transcriptomic and cistromic (ChIP-Seq) datasets involving genetic and small molecule manipulations of cellular receptors, enzymes and transcription factors. Our goal is to create a resource where scientists can routinely generate research hypotheses or validate bench data relevant to cellular signaling pathways.

heiDATA
heiDATA is Heidelberg University’s research data repository. It is managed by the Competence Centre for Research Data, a joint institution of the University Library and the Computing Centre. All researchers affiliated with Heidelberg University can use this service for archiving and publishing their data.

ZBW Journal Data Archive
The ZBW Journal Data Archive is a service for editors of journals in economics and management. The aim of this newly established web service is to offer scholarly journals an easy to handle infrastructure for managing and storing data sets of published articles and to link the data sets to their corresponding publication. The service is free of charge for academic journals.

Blackfynn Discover
Blackfynn Discover is a public resource for accessing large public Neuroscience datasets. Blackfynn Discover was developed through grants from the NIH NIDA, NIH CommonFund, DARPA, and others to provide a sustainable solution for fostering collaboration in the Neurosciences.

Duke Research Data Repository
The Research Data Repository is a service of the Duke University Libraries that provides curation, access, and preservation of research data produced by the Duke community. All data go through a curation process to help ensure data are well described, in a structure and format that supports long-term preservation, and generally meet the FAIR Guiding Principles for data (i.e., Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable). All data and documentation are openly accessible for download unless under embargo.

BonaRes Repository
The BonaRes Repository stores soil and agricultural research data from research projects and long-term field experiments which contribute significantly to the analysis of changes of soil and soil functions over the long term. Research data are described by the metadata following the BonaRes Metadata Schema (DOI: 10.20387/bonares-5pgg-8yrp) which combines international recognized standards for the description of geospatial data (INSPIRE Directive) and research data (DataCite 4.0). Metadata includes AGROVOC keywords. Within the BonaRes Repository research data is provided for free reuse under the CC License and can be discovered by advanced text and map search via a number of criteria is possible.

UNC Dataverse
UNC Dataverse is a research data repository hosted by the Odum Institute at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. UNC Dataverse is an open access repository that accepts data deposits from individual researchers, research groups, institutions, journals, and other entities from all disciplinary domains. UNC Dataverse offers value-added features that support archiving, discovery, and sharing of research data that align with FAIR principles for findable, accessible, interoperable, reusable data.

National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
Established in 1978, the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD) archives and disseminates data on crime and justice for secondary analysis. The archive contains data from over 2,700 curated studies or statistical data series. NACJD is home to several large-scale and well known datasets, including the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports (UCR), the FBI's National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS), and the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN). In addition to making data available, NACJD curates and preserves data to ensure that they are accessible now and in the future. Located within the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR), a research center of the Institute for Social Research (ISR) at the University of Michigan, NACJD is sponsored by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) of the United States Department of Justice.

Civic Learning, Engagement, and Action Data Sharing
Researchers from a wide variety of disciplines study civic education, civic action, and the many relationships between the two. Civic Learning, Engagement, and Action Data Sharing (CivicLEADS) provides infrastructure for researchers to share and access high-quality datasets which can be used to study civic education and involvement. Funded by a grant from the Spencer Foundation and part of ICPSR's Education and Child Care Data Archives at the University of Michigan, CivicLEADS provides a centralized repository for this multi-disciplinary research area, with data being created across education, political science, developmental sciences, and other disciplines. Researchers can access quantitative and qualitative data on a broad range of topics for secondary analysis as well as sharing their own primary research data. CivicLEADS includes datasets from other ICPSR archives and seeks out emerging data collected by studies still in the field. Beyond facilitating the sharing and discovery of data, CivicLEADS seeks to create a learning community around civic education and engagement research. We strive to form relationships with and between investigators and researchers at every level—from students to emeriti faculty. Data shared in this archive have been documented with thorough metadata, and tools drawing upon these metadata allow researchers to explore and compare variables both within and between studies. By providing tutorials, webinars, and in-person training, CivicLEADS connects researchers with data and facilitates the future of civic education and civic action research.

Biodiversity Heritage Library
The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is the world’s largest open access digital library for biodiversity literature and archives. Operating as an international library consortium, BHL provides free access to millions of pages, representing over 500 years of scientific research, alongside services like data exports, APIs, and taxonomic intelligence tools to facilitate discovery and reuse of data and collections.

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