standards > model/format > bsg-s001297
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ready Encoded Archival Description

Abbreviation: EAD XML


General Information
Encoded Archival Description (EAD) is an XML standard for encoding archival finding aids, maintained by the Technical Subcommittee for Encoded Archival Standards of the Society of American Archivists, in partnership with the Library of Congress. The current version, EAD3, was first released in 2015. EAD reflects the hierarchical structure of archival collections, and allows for describing both the collection as a whole and its individual parts. EAD is an international archival standard and allows for the standardization of information within and across different repositories. EAD is used throughout the United States, Europe, Australia, and other countries. The structural elements of EAD are easily recognized and used in union catalogs like ArchiveGrid and consortiums like the Online Archive of California, Northwest Digital Archives, and Archives Portal Europe. EAD is expressed in XML, which is a structural and preservation format. XML facilitates repurposing of data. A finding aid in XML can be converted into a variety of different formats for display and access to users. An HTML and PDF version of the finding aid can easily be created via the same EAD document. EAD is interoperable with other standards like Encoded Archival Context.

Homepage https://www.loc.gov/ead/

Countries that developed this resource United States

Created in 2002

Taxonomic range




Awaiting DOI assignment.


Record added: Sept. 26, 2018, 1:12 p.m.
Record updated: March 13, 2020, 4:54 p.m. by The FAIRsharing Team.

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Related Standards

Reporting Guidelines

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Terminology Artifacts

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Related Databases (2)
Finnish Social Science Data Archive
The Finnish Social Science Data Archive (FSD) is a national-level service resource for research and teaching in Finland. FSD promotes data sharing and curates and disseminates digital research data for research, teaching and studying purposes. FSD serves both Finnish and international users. FSD is an expert in the curation and preservation of digital research data collected to study society, people and culture. FSD focuses on acquiring Social Science data, but data from other relevant fields (Arts and Humanities, Education, and Health Science) is also archived. FSD is Finland's service provider for CESSDA ERIC, the Consortium of European Social Science Data Archives.

Digital Repository of Ireland
The Digital Repository of Ireland (DRI) is a national trusted digital repository (TDR) for Ireland’s social and cultural data. We preserve, curate, and provide sustained access to a wealth of Ireland’s humanities and social sciences data through a single online portal. The repository houses unique and important collections from a variety of organisations including higher education institutions, cultural institutions, government agencies, and specialist archives. DRI has staff members from a wide variety of backgrounds, including software engineers, designers, digital archivists and librarians, data curators, policy and requirements specialists, educators, project managers, social scientists and humanities scholars. DRI is certified by the CoreTrustSeal, the current TDR standard widely recommended for best practice in Open Science. In addition to providing trusted digital repository services, the DRI is also Ireland’s research centre for best practices in digital archiving, repository infrastructures, preservation policy, research data management and advocacy at the national and European levels. DRI contributes to policy making nationally (e.g. via the National Open Research Forum and the IRC), and internationally, including European Commission expert groups, the Digital Preservation Coalition, DARIAH, and the OECD.

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